How To Install Magento on Ubuntu

There are a number of blog posts available online which attempt to explain how to Install Magento on Ubuntu for  development. However, having spent the best part of an evening following a vast majority of the sites going through this exercise, I found they were all either incomplete, out of date or just completely inaccurate.

This article will attempt to fill the void and aim to provide a complete guide on how to successfully and completely install magento on a ubuntu desktop in order to carry out some magento development.

Magento on ubuntu will make use of the LAMP stack, which primaritly means Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP, therefore you will need install Apache,mySQL and PHP onto your local machine. This can be acheived using several methods i.e. You could follow these instructions detailed in one of our previous blog posts Install and Configure a LAMP Server on Ubuntu 12.04 Desktop or alternatively you can install each component separately as detailed below.

To follow along using the tutorial you will need to open a terminal window and enter these following commands

1. Install apache server

Start your apache web server

Open you Apache configuration file using gedit your default text file editor

N.B. I assume you are installing magento onto a vanilla machine and you have not previously configured it as something else.

I usually delete all the contents of the configuration file and just have it as below. I find all the other comments etc too confusing.

Save and exit the file. Restart your apache server

2. Install mySQL

You’ll be prompted for a root password, enter one that you would like to use and remember it.

Start up your mySQL server

Create a database and user for magento

Create a User with name of Magento and a Password of magento

3. Install PHP

install the php xml parser

Increase the memory limit for PHP by altering the PHP configuration file

Change memory limit from

to

Save the file and close

install the mcrypt

4. Download and install magento
Download magento to your temporary folder

extract the downloaded files and move them to the working folder

set up some permissions

Restart apache web server again

5. Install Magento
We can now actually install magento, this should now be relatively straight forward.
Open your browser and navigate o localhost, and the following screen should be displayed.
Magento installation wizard

Agree to the terms and conditions. In the following screen just enter the details that we created
host = localhost User: magento password magento

Magento Create Admin account screen

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